Nepal, development partners join forces on green, resilient, and inclusive development «

Nepal, development partners join forces on green, resilient, and inclusive development

The Government of Nepal and development partners endorsed the landmark ‘Kathmandu Declaration’ to develop a strategic action plan for Nepal towards Green, Resilient, and Inclusive Development (GRID).
The Declaration was endorsed by the Ministry of Finance on behalf of the Government of Nepal, Asian Development Bank, Australia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, International Monetary Fund, Norway, Republic of Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States, and the World Bank at a high-level roundtable event titled Nepal’s Transition to Green, Resilient, and Inclusive Development (GRID) for Sustainable Recovery, Growth, and Jobs.
Under the Kathmandu Declaration, Nepal’s development partners have identified up to $4.2 billion in potential future support, in addition to the $3.2 billion in previously committed resources to support GRID. The GRID Strategic Action Plan will coordinate international and domestic financing for priority investments in Nepal’s recovery from the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
“The Government of Nepal is committed to the Green, Resilient, and Inclusive Development vision that will support Nepal’s recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and help address the challenges of climate change and rising inequality,” said Finance Minister, Janardan Sharma, on the occasion. “We look forward to working together with development partners, private sector, and key stakeholders to build back Nepal better and stronger.”
Investments will support Nepal’s 15th development plan, Nationally Determined Contribution to the Paris Climate Accords, and the Sustainable Development Goals in promoting green growth, jobs, and infrastructure, and building resilience to climate change and shocks from disasters, as well as equitable access to services for Nepalis.
The government and development partners intend to scale up support for such areas as sustainable tourism, renewable energy, cleaner transport and resilient roads, integrated solid waste management, sustainable forest management, watershed protection and water supply, biodiversity conservation, adaptive social protection, climate-smart agriculture, and sustainable cities. Partnerships and opportunities will be sought with the private sector to increase green investment and support job-creating small and medium enterprises and businesses in these and other areas.
Nepal’s GRID vision also emphasizes inclusion to enable women, indigenous groups, and vulnerable and marginalized communities to realize the benefits of a green, resilient recovery. This includes skills training and education opportunities to help citizens prepare for an evolving job market in a new green economy with greater opportunities for all Nepalis.
The roundtable, organized in the lead up to COP26, included representatives from the federal and local government, development partners, private sector, and climate experts.
Likewise,  World Bank Vice President for South Asia Hartwig Schafer, on the occasion, said that the World Bank has committed globally to align all its financing to the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change by July 1, 2023. “We are honored to support Nepal’s GRID agenda to guide investment and policy directions in line with its Nationally Determined Contribution and Sustainable Development Goals targets.”
According to UK Regional Ambassador for Asia Pacific and South Asia at COP26 Climate Summit Ken O’Flaherty, “The GRID approach being adopted in Nepal is a world class example of how countries can mobilise resources for sustainable development and ambitious climate action. I hope that Nepal can showcase this approach at COP26 and encourage others to do likewise.”
“ADB is committed to ensuring 75%  of the total number of ADB’s operations and $80 billion investments will support climate change adaptation and mitigation by 2030, Vice-President, South Asia Department and Central and West Asia Department, Asian Development Bank Shixin Chen said, welcoming Nepal’s GRID agenda.
Similarly, Acting Director for Asia, Central Asia, Middle East/Gulf and the Pacific, European Commission Jean-Louis Ville said that globally, Team Europe contributes 25 billion dollars per year for climate finance. “As Team Europe, together with our Member States Finland, France and Germany and the European Investment Bank, the EU is also committed to achieve a Green Recovery in Nepal.”
Welcoming the launch of the GRID agenda, IMF Deputy Director, Asia and Pacific Department Dr. Anne-Marie Gulde-Wolf said that they will continue to support Nepal’s recovery from the pandemic and their focus on macroeconomic stability, building resilience, promoting sustainable and inclusive growth, and addressing the challenges of climate change.
“Because of the disproportionate impacts of climate change on women and socially vulnerable groups, Nepal’s NDC prioritized developing a gender and social inclusion and climate action strategy and action plan,” Regional Director, United Nations Development Coordination Office, Asia-Pacific Neil Buhne said, adding that they can accelerate climate action, sustainable development and green recovery by helping to unlock the economic potential of women, indigenous and disadvantaged groups. “Inclusion, equity and the environment go together.”